Environmental, Energetic, and Economic Comparisons of Organic and Conventional
D. Pimentel1, P.
Hepperly2, J. Hanson3,
and R. Seidel2
Various organic technologies have been utilized for about 6000 years to
make agriculture sustainable while conserving soil, water, energy, and
biological resources. Among the benefits of organic technologies are higher
soil organic matter and nitrogen, lower fossil energy inputs, yields similar
to those of conventional systems, and conservation of soil moisture and
water resources (especially advantageous under drought conditions). Conventional
agriculture can be made more sustainable and ecologically sound by adopting
some traditional organic farming technologies.
an article from Cornell News Service about this study.
BioScience (2005) 55:573-582
Author Locations and Affiliations
(1) Department of Entomology,
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca,
NY 14853, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
(2) Rodale Institute, 611 Siegfriedale
Road, Kutztown, PA 19530
(3) Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics,
University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742
(4) USDA Agricultural Research
Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 E. Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor,